Deliverable 30: Report with the final monitoring results of the pasture recovery (action C1)

This deliverable presents the final results and conclusions obtained from the monitoring of the pilot experiences in scrub clearing until march 2024. The pilot experiences were mainly implemented by the end of 2019 and the beginning of 2020, the setting of initial monitoring variables was performed in 2020, the first monitoring campaign was realized in 2021, the second monitoring campaign was performed in 2022, and the third campaign has been carried out since the beginning at the end of 2023, but in the first months of 2024 we can update some results related on soils, rain simulation and pastures.

Following the monitoring protocol developed in the Deliverable 8 (Nadal-Romero et al., 2020b), this document includes the results obtained in the pilot experiences of scrubland clearing management with extensive livestock farming in Aragon (La Garcipollera) and La Rioja (San Roman and Ajamil).

The first section is a short introduction to the deliverable, with a briefly description of the pilot experiments and the main objectives of this deliverable. The second section summarises the monitoring protocol, to have a quick overview of the monitored variables. The third, fourth and fifth sections detail the results of the first monitoring campaigns, in both sites of Aragon and La Rioja. The sixth section summarizes the analysis conducted on the GPS signals installed on various types of livestock. The seventh section examines potential erosion issues resulting from the use of livestock in cleared areas, supported by multi-temporal high-resolution topography. Finally, the eighth section outlines the main conclusions of action C1 after 4 years of data collection